Glossary: C

CAN
Acronym for Controller Area Network.
CAN Bus
A message based, multi-master serial protocol for transmitting and receiving vehicle data within a Controller Area Network (CAN). 
CEP
Short for Complex Event Processing.
CIoT
Short for Chief IoT Officer; Consumer Internet of Things.
CIoTO
Short for Chief IoT Officer.
CNP
Acronym for Card Not Present.
COBie
Acronym for Construction Operations Building Information Exchange.
COPE
Acronym for corporate-owned, personally enabled.
CPPS
Short for Cyber-Physical Production Systems.
CPS
Abbreviation for Cyber-Physical Systems.
CR2032
A battery rated at 3.0 volts commonly used in watches, wireless doorbells and other small devices. 
Card Not Present
The type of credit transaction where the merchant never sees the actual card. 
Cartapping
A play on "wiretapping," cartapping refers to the accessing of connected car information, typically for law enforcement purposes. 
Cat-M1
A flavor of NB-IoT LTE technologies designed to connect sensor applications and devices requiring lower throughput. 
Cayenne
The brand name of an IoT platform and drag-and-drop project builder created by myDevices. 
Centaur Model
A combination of a human brain and artificial intelligence in a hybrid model. 
Central Device
One of the two types of devices defined by the BLE standard. 
Chain of Things
The application of distributed ledger (blockchain) technology to IoT. 
Chief IoT Officer
One of the CxO class of corporate officers, the CIoT coordinates the integration of IoT into the enterprise. 
ClouT
Short for Cloud of Things.
Cloud
Or, "The Cloud," is generally used as shorthand for Cloud Computing. 
Cloud Computing
A general term for the delivery of various hosted services over the Internet. 
Cloud of Things
A concept combining the IoT and Cloud for smart city applications, in domains such as Resource Management, Safety & Emergency Management, and Citizen Health Enhancement.
CoAP
Acronym for Constrained Application Protocol.
Cognitive IoT
A term coined by IBM referring to Things that interact naturally with humans through voice and textual commands, capable of understand intent. 
Cognitive Radio
Intelligent devices that can scan and determine which radio frequencies are quiet and rapidly pick one or more over which to transmit and receive data.
Cognitive Vehicles
A term coined by IBM to describe vehicles that will learn from the behaviors of drivers, occupants and vehicles around them, plus be aware of the vehicle's own condition and the state of the surrounding environment. 
Cold Chain
A logistics term refering to a refrigerated supply chain for temperature sensitive items. 
Collaborative Robotics
A flexible form of human-machine interaction where the user is in direct contact with the robot while he is guiding and training it. 
Companion Device
In wearables, a companion device requires a parent device, such as a smartphone, to fully operate. 
Complex Event Processing
The discovery or detection of complex events by combining and correlating data. 
Constrained Application Protocol
Based on the popular REST model, CoAP is a specialized web transfer protocol for use with constrained nodes and constrained networks (e.g., low-power, lossy) in the IoT. 
Construction Operations Building Information Exchange
The COBie approach simplifies the capture and recording of building project handover data, basically by entering things like serial numbers as the project progresses. 
Consumer Internet of Things
In contrast with the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), the CIoT deals with devices and services targeting the consumer market, such as wearables, smart lighting, home security, etc.
Controller Area Network
In automobiles, a CAN connects Electronic Control Units (ECU's) using a multi-master serial bus (the CAN bus) to control actuators or receive feedback from sensors. 
Corporate Owned, Personally Enabled
A compromise around pure BYOD, COPE devices allow the user to control much of the data on the device, but the enterprise controls the security model.
Corporate Wellness
The formal application of quantified health improvement programs into the corporate environment. 
Crowdfunding
A novel system for inventors and entrepreneurs to bypass traditional funding methods such as venture capital by raising small amounts from a large group of individual backers. 
Cyber-Physical Production Systems
Cyber manufacturing technology utilizing software to cooperatively control hardware. 
Cyber-Physical Systems
Systems where computers control real-world entitites. 
Cyberphysical Security
The protection of both hardware and software in an IoT environment. 

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